Tuesday, June 2, 2020
The General Information on the Industrial Clutches (Coursework Sample) Content: Industrial ClutchesStudentÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s NameInstitutionIndustrial ClutchesIntroductionA clutch is defined as a machine member that is used to disengage or engage the engine from the transmission rod. It is used to connect the driven shaft to the driving shaft so that the driven shaft may be stopped or started at will, without necessarily stopping the driving shaft. Clutches are mainly used in the automotive industry. For example, in vehicles, a clutch plate is placed between the transmission shaft and the engine. The clutch system is one of the most crucial parts in a vehicle. The system enables a rotating drive shaft to be connected to another shaft, either when both of them are at rest or are in relative motion. When the engine is idling, it develops inadequate torque for the power transmission to be completely engaged. To achieve a smooth engagement between the driving shaft and the driven shaft, the clutch must be gradually engaged so as take up the power drive unt il the transmitted torque from the engine is sufficient enough to propel the vehicle. Where the gears are changed, the clutch disengages the transmission shaft from the engine. Therefore, the clutch disengages the driving shaft from the engine where necessary and takes up the transmitted power smoothly. The clutch system comprise of a pressure plate, clutch disc plate, friction material, flywheel, pressure plate, clutch cover, linkages, and a clutch diaphragm spring.The clutch progressively engages the transmission shaft by allowing some amount of slippage between the input shaft and the flywheel. However, the clutch slipping mechanism generates a considerable amount of heat energy because of friction between the flywheel and the clutch disc. At high sliding velocities, excessive heat energy is generated. As a result, there is rise in temperature at the disc surface. The rise in temperature leads to thermo-mechanical problem, such as thermo-elastic stability and thermal deformation s, which sometimes lead to wear, thermal cracking, and other mechanical failures.The clutch enables the power from the engine to be transmitted gradually when the driven shaft is started, interrupts power transmission to avoid the cases of gear clashing, and prevents engine stalling when the driven shaft is stopped. When the clutch is engaged, there is power transmission between the driving shaft and the driven shaft. At this point, the clutch pedals are fully raised. When the clutch is disengaged, the power transmission between the driving shaft and the driven shaft is interrupted. At this point, the clutch pedal is fully depressed.The components of a clutch system perform the following functions: The flywheel is a large, aluminum or steel disc. It is mounted to the crankshaft of the engine. It role is provide balance for the engine, reducing or dampening the frequencies of engine vibrations, and provides a surface where the clutch is mounted. The flywheel has teeth around its cir cumference where for mounting the starter motor, which is used to crank and crank and engage the engine. The clutch disc is a plate with a hub at its center. The disc is covered with a steel material, sandwiched between the pressure plate and the flywheel. The function of the hub is to fit the spines of the driving shaft. When the clutch is active, the disc squeezes between the pressure plate and the flywheel. At this point, the power is transferred by the hub from the engine to the transmission shaft. Principally, the disc provides quick engagement between the engine crankshaft and the driven shaft. It also allows for firm transmission of torque. The pressure plate, also known as the clutch cover, is a spring-loaded friction surface that is used to lock the clutch firmly. The plate is firmly bolted to the flywheel surface. It has heavy release springs, thrust fingers or ring for the release mechanism, a metal cover, heavy release springs, and a metallic pressure surface. The funct ion of the thrust fingers or rings is to release the springÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s clamping force when the clutch system is disengaged.The throw-out bearing, also known as the release bearing, supports and centers the power transmission shaft. The clutch cable is a mechanical release mechanism in some vehicles. The master cylinder is a force-amplifying cylinder for the vehicles with the hydraulic brake. It role is to multiply forces. The slave cylinder is used together with the master cylinder in vehicles with hydraulic system.Normally, the release bearing remains stationary when the cutch is active and the clutch pedal is released. The bearing does not move with the pressure plate. The operation of the clutch is normally accomplished either with a hydraulic mechanism or mechanically. For the system with mechanical linkages, either a cable or a lever-and Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬shaft arrangements are incorporated. Mechanically operated clutches consist of pivot point, levers, and linkages. They found majo rly in old-model vehicles or mechanical systems. These clutches require routine lubrication. They are only designed for small scale operations, such as operating small systems. A cable-operated clutch system is comparatively simpler. The cable is used to connect the clutch pedal to the clutch release fork. The cable-operated clutches are normally simple, flexible, and compact. However, there life span is very short. The cables gradually stretches and breaks eventually. Due to wear and age.On the hydraulically-operated clutches, a master cylinder is normally operated directly by the clutch pedal assembly. The master cylinder is connected to a slave cylinder through a high pressure tubing. A hydraulic clutch only requires a small pedal force to be engaged. Due to their flexibility, the hydraulic clutches can be adapted in many configuration.The clutches are integral component of any machine drive mechanism. The application of clutches in industries continue to gain momentum day by da y. The purpose of this literature review is to establish the current knowledge on industrial clutches in relation to the types, design, and areas of application in the industries. The literature has been obtained from various engineering journals, articles, and books. Due to space limitation, the paper only gives a summary of the topic.Types of Clutches and their ApplicationsClutches are categorized based on three major criteria. The types of clutches according to these criteria are as discussed below:Classification Based on theMethod of Torque Transmission1. Positive clutch (Dog clutch). The positive clutches are applied when positive drive is required. In this type of clutch, grooves are evenly cut either onto the driven member or the driving member. The clutches have extracted parts located in both the driven and driving member. When the driver releases the pedal, the extracted parts insert into the grooves and both the driven and driving shaft rotates together as one unit. When the driver pushes the clutch pedal, the extracted parts leave the grooves. As a result, the engine shaft rotates itself without driving the power transmission shaft. The figure below shows parts of a positive clutch.Fig 1. Parts of a positive clutch2. Friction clutch. These type of clutches are used in the applications where the driven shaft is started or stopped regularly. They are used in applications where the machine operated is fully or partially loaded. In these clutches, force of friction is used to disengage or engage the clutch. A friction surface plate is inserted between the driven shaft and the driving shaft. When the clutch pedal is released, the driven shaft and the driving shaft of the clutch come in contact. The force of friction works between the two shafts. So, when the driving shaft rotates, it moves with the driven member, engaging the clutch. There are four sub-categories of friction clutch. They include:a. Cone clutch. Clone clutch consist of a cone attached o nto the driven shaft. The shape of the sides of the flywheel in this type of clutch are also conical. The contact surface are lined with a friction material. The cone can be disengage or engage from the flywheel through clutch pedal.Fig 2. Cone Clutchb. Single Disc Clutch. ÃâIn this type of clutch, the flywheel is mounted onto the engine shaft and the pressure plate is fixed to the gear-box shaft. The pressure plate mounted in such a way that it is free to move on the shaft spindle. A friction surface plate is located between the pressure plate and flywheel. Some springs are attached into the compressed position between the plates. When the clutch pedal is released, a force is exerted on the friction surface by the pressure plate. The pressure exerts the force due to the spring action. So, the clutch is active position. The clutch is disengaged by pushing the clutch pedal. The parts of a single disc or plate clutch is as shown below.Fig 3. Single disc clutchÃâc. Multi-Disc Clu tch. This type of clutch similar to the single disc or plate clutch. However, it has two or more clutch plates fixed between the pressure plate and the flywheel. A multi-disc clutch are normally used in applications that involve transmission of large torques. The clutch consists of the inside and outside discs. The inside discs are made of steel. They are screwed to the driven shaft to allow for rotational motion, except for the last disc. The outside discs are made of bronze. They are held by bolts are fixed onto the driving shaft by the use of screws. The multi-disc clutches are more compact than the single clutches. They are majorly used in machine tools and motor vehicles. The parts of a multi-disc clutch are shown in the figure below.Fig 4. Multi-disc clutchd. Diaphragm Clutch. This type of clutch is similar to single disc. However, in diaphragm clutches, the diaphragm springs are used to exert pressure on the...
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
SHORT TERM AND LONG TERM GOALS Setting personal goals in my life are important to me because I want to strive for personal Excellence. I hope that as long as I live I will strive to excel and learn. Achievement of a short term goal leads to a long term goal and it never ends unless I will it to end. Since IÃ¢â¬â¢m passionate about learning and setting goals I believe I will continue to learn and achieve new goals. One goal I am working on now is learning how to write an excellent paper, in proper APA format. In Addition, IÃ¢â¬â¢m working on writing short term goals and long term goals. The first short term goal that I will achieve is completing one class at a time which is linked to a professional goal in Nursing. The Long term goal isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The ball jammed the tip of two fingers and it hurt a lot. I also learned Basket Ball in grade school, but one day, I was thinking I was catching the ball, but it turned out to be somebodyÃ¢â¬â¢s head which jammed my nose. The force of the hit knocked me down on the ground and my nose was bleeding. I was picked up by my Mother and she drove me to my Doctor, who took X-rays, which showed a fracture of theShow MoreRelatedMy Goals And Long Term Goals929 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesanything in the field of nursing. I now have many short term and long term goals I would like to accomplish. One of my short term goals is to finish and complete my Bachelor of Science in Nursing through Indiana University. My second short term goal would be to become certified in emergency nursing. I plan to accomplish these goals in a time frame of one to two years. However, I also have some long term goals as well. One of my long term goals is to finish a masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree program. Secondly, I wouldRead MoreA Short Term And Long Term Goals1130 Words Ã |Ã 5 P agesAs life moves forward, your goals will inevitably change and your definition of success and happiness changes with them. It may be time to take a look at your goals and redefine them for a happy ending. Ask yourself what you want to accomplish. Most people envision a far-off future where theyÃ¢â¬â¢re doing exactly what they want, have what they want, and live the way they want. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all kind of fuzzy, with vague notions of future happiness hinging on retirement in a sunny place where it never rains. Read MoreShort And Long Term Goals895 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDiscuss your short and long-term goals. Are some of them related? Which are priorities? Be specific in describing short and long-term goals you may have. Provide examples from any aspect of your life. In addition, if you have already accomplished some short or long-term goals you set for yourself in the past, you can discuss them Living in a place like a refugee camp is hard. I have seen my parents trying to give me a normal and better life like other people have. 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IÃ¢â¬â¢ve had my goals and aspirations for a long time but IÃ¢â¬â¢mRead MoreHealthy People 2020, Long-Term Goals, Short-Term Goals,1839 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesHealthy People 2020, Long-term Goals, Short-term Goals, and Interventions We all know someone who has suffered from heart disease. Whether it was from a heart attack, congestive heart failure, or stroke, some type of cardiovascular disease has taken the life of someone we loved way too soon. This epidemic of heart disease must be stopped through the collaboration of physicians, nurses, law makers, and concerned citizens. The purpose of this paper is to examine cardiovascular disease, the risks associatedRead MoreNikes Long Term Financial Goals938 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHow important is it for the financial managers of Nike Inc. to use economic variables in identifying long term financial goals? 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Marketing Strategies of Nokia. Answer: Introduction The report focuses on the business activities and operations of Nokia. It is one of the largest companies in the mobile industry. In todays era, the company is increasing its revenue and profit by using effective strategies in the international market. It explains themarketing mix strategies of Nokia. Themarketing mix plays a significant role in order to overcome the competitors. It describes that how the firm uses SWOT analysis in the market. Nokia Company is a finish multinational communication, consumer electronics and information Technology Corporation which was founded in 1865. Its headquarter is located in Espoo, Uusimaa Finland. There are approx 101,000 employees employed in the company. In todays era, the firm is expanding and flourishing its business in more than 100 countries. It is the 415 biggest companies in the world measured by the revenue. It is one of the biggest vendors of the mobile phones in the world (Nokia, 2016). The corporation is dealing with various products such as tablets, VR camera, and mobile phones. Nokia renders its products in various countries such as China, India, Latin America, Japan, Europe and North America. The current position of the company is strong and dynamic. It is the fifth most valuable brands in the world. It focuses on the corporate culture, market segmentation and research and development to increase and maximize the revenue and profit of the firm. In todays era, Nokia is c reating and enhancing more mobiles phones with different size and functions. Corporate mission Mission statement is important and essential in Nokia to expand its business activities and operations in the international market. The mission statement includes the followings: To monitor and guide decisions making in order to attain long term goals and objectives. To protect the interest of the stakeholders in the world. To inspire and motivate organizational employees as well as members. The vision of the company is to make a strong position in the world and to attract more customers in the market. Core competencies and resources To gain the competitive advantages, core competencies and resources are important. The core competencies are the attributes which provide competitive benefits to Nokia. The company has several competencies but due to recent growth and success, the firm needs to monitor on the right and appropriate core competencies to beat the competitors in the world. The core competencies and resources include organizational culture, and research and development. The organizational culture is the effective tool to attract more customers in the international market. The value chain is also other source to run the business activities successful. The optimum utilization of resources can be done by maintaining core competencies within the organization. Along with this, innovative technologies are used by the firm to overcome the competitors (Gupta, 2013). Marketing microenvironment and its influence The microenvironment refers to the internal environment of the company which can influence the business activities adversely. The microenvironment can be controlled and managed by the firm. The internal environmental factors include customers, suppliers, the general public, distribution channels and competitors etc. These factors influence the performance and efficiency of Nokia. It can also affect the long-term success and growth of the firm. There is a close relationship between microenvironment and organization (Yam, 2016). These factors also help to build and develop a reciprocal relationship with customers in the international market. The microenvironment consists the followings. Suppliers: It is an important factor which affects the goals and objectives of the firm. Suppliers provide resources and products to the company. They also affect the strategy and policy of the firm. Market intermediaries: The intermediaries also affect the targets and growth of the firm. The marketing intermediaries include retailers, financial intermediaries, whole sellers and agencies. Customers: They are person who buy the products and services of the company. The customers influence the mission and vision of the company. Competitors: A rivalry is the company who manufacture the same products and services in the global market. Nokia should keep an eye on the strategies and policies of the competitors. Public: The public also influences the success and growth of the firm. Therefore, the company needs to focus on the internal environment in order to meet the long term targets and goals. Marketing macro environment and its influence Macro environment affects the profit and revenue of Nokia. Therefore, the company needs to analyze and evaluate the macro environment. It is also known as an external environment which encompasses the following factors such as political, economic, socio-cultural, technological, legal and environmental factors (Grhan-Canli, Hayran Sarial-Abi, 2016). These factors influence the operation and trading activities of the firm negatively. The two major categories of the external environment have been discussed below. Political factors: These factors include rules and regulations related to the import, export, and production. The company needs to focus on the political factors to fulfill the needs and requirements of the customers in the global market. Economic factors: The economic factors include interest rates, demand, taxes, exchange rates and buying the power of the customers. All these factors affect the growth and success of Nokia. The firm needs to focus on these factors to hit the competitors in the international market (Nachbaur, 2016). Current marketing mix Nokia uses marketing mix strategy to overcome the competitors and to accomplish the goals and objectives of the firm (Baker Saren, 2016). It also includes segmentation, targeting and positioning strategy which has been discussed below. Segmentation: Market segmentation is an effective and dynamic marketing strategy to divide the market into different groups. It helps to understand the needs, requirements, and desires of the customers in the global world (Wang, Hedman Tuunainen, 2016). The segmentation is done on the basis of high-income group, medium income group, and low-income group. There are various types of segmentation which include demographic segmentation, psychographic segmentation, and behavioral segmentation (Doz Wilson, 2017). Targeting: After segmentation, Nokia evaluates and identifies various groups and decide how many and which segment to be served. Under targeting, penetration and pricing strategies are used by the company to reach with its target customers in the world. Positioning: After segmentation and targeting strategies, marketers prepare positioning map to show the customers perceptions of their brands in the international market. All these strategies are used by the company to analyze and evaluate the strategies, plans, and policies of the competitors (Frattasi Della Rosa, 2017). Apart from this, 4 Ps are also used by the organization to overcome on the rivalries in the market which have been discussed below (Colagrossi, 2017). Product: The Company uses product strategy to differentiate its products from the competitors. It helps to increase the profit and revenue of the firm. Price: Nokia uses price strategy to beat the competitors and to attain the long term goals in the global market. It sets the appropriate prices of the products to increase the sale of Nokia products. Promotion: The promotion strategies are used by Nokia to attract the customers in the international market. It is the effective tool to reach with its target market. Place: This strategy is used by the company to find and analyze a right place to sale the products in the world. SWOT analysis SWOT analysis is an effective and dynamic tool to evaluate and identify the strengths and weaknesses of the competitors in the market. The firm must analyze and identify the risks and challenges of the market to achieve the mission and vision of the firm (Bohlin Inha, 2017). The SWOT analysis stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats which have been discussed below. Strengths Weaknesses Brand name is the biggest strength of Nokia. The products are available in the market in all the prices ranges. Nokia products are very easy to use. The mobile products are provided by the company have a much higher resale value compared to the other companies. After sale services are very poor. Poor designed smart phones. Some of the Nokia products are not for middle class and low class groups. Opportunities Threats The company can expand and grow its market globally. The demand of the Nokia smart phones are increasing. High competition exists in the global market. Iphones popularity and Samsung and other competitors affect the sale of the company. Conclusion On the above discussion, it has been concluded that Nokia is one of the biggest brands in the world. The firm uses effective and dynamic strategies to overcome the competitors in the market. It uses marketing strategy and segmentation, targeting and positioning strategy to hit the rivalries in the world. Apart from this, SWOT analysis is done by the Nokia to analyze and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the competitors. References Baker, M. J., Saren, M. (Eds.). (2016).Marketing theory: a student text. Sage. Bohlin, S., Inha, E. (2017). Book review: Tools and concepts for strategic decision making on Market Intelligence. Colagrossi, A. (2017). Drafting Futures Integrating Futures Thinking and Marketing Strategy. Doz, Y., Wilson, K. (2017).Ringtone: Exploring the Rise and Fall of Nokia in Mobile Phones. Oxford University Press. Frattasi, S., Della Rosa, F. (2017).Mobile positioning and tracking: from conventional to cooperative techniques. John Wiley Sons. Gupta, R. K. (2013). Core competencies: Concepts and relevance.Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management,6(2), 48-54. Grhan-Canli, Z., Hayran, C., Sarial-Abi, G. (2016). Customer-based brand equity in a technologically fast-paced, connected, and constrained environment.AMS review,6(1-2), 23-32. Nachbaur, A. (2016). Nokia Strategic Analysis. Evaluation of the decision to return to the mobile telephone market. Nokia.com., (2016). About Nokia, viewed on 26 Nov 2017, https://www.nokia.com/en_int Nokia.com., (2016). Nokia networks, viewed on 26 Nov 2017, https://networks.nokia.com/about-us/our-markets Wang, J., Hedman, J., Tuunainen, V. K. (2016). Path creation, path dependence and breaking away from the path: re-examining the case of Nokia.Journal of theoretical and applied electronic commerce research,11(2), 16-27. Yam, Y. (2016). The influence of macro and micro-environmental factors on the consumption of mobile phones and marketing strategies.
Saturday, April 18, 2020
Input, Output, Storage Devices, Speed Paper Input Data is factual information and it needs to be accurately captured in order to be processed. There are many methods to input data and each situation warrants a different method. There can be several different ways to input the information and it can be done in an automatic fashion, as with a computer, or it can be done manually, as with a human writing the information down. For instance, printed questionnaires would best use a special scanning device called an optical data reader that uses optical mark recognition (OMR); when people complete the OMR form using pencils to fill in boxes on OMR paper an optical mark reader (OMR) can convert the pencil marks into digital data. The best method for a telephone survey would be the phone key pad since an integrated voice system (IVR) would be able to capture the touch tone responses. To input data from bank checks, the best method would be an image replacement document (IRD), where a paper facsimile that is the legal equivalent of an original check is transmitted electronically, since this reduces costs and fraud losses. Retail tags can be placed with a microchip, called a smart chip, that easily relays the product information when scanned with a radio-frequency identification (RFID) scanner and this would be the fastest, easiest method for inputting the data into the storeÃ¢â¬â¢s computer system. We will write a custom essay sample on Input, Output, Storage Devices, Speed specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Input, Output, Storage Devices, Speed specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Input, Output, Storage Devices, Speed specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Long documents would best be processed with a computer scanner so that the information on the document can be copied exactly and stored easily on the computer for reading or printing. Whatever the situation, there will be a satisfactory method to gather the information. Output Once the data has been accurately gathered, the information needs to be produced in some format. This process, known as output, is the opposite of the initial input process. Again, it can be accomplished many ways. For a hand held computer, the best output method would be a small screen called a liquid crystal display screen (LCD) because this would be the best way to view the data. For a color photograph the best method of output would be on a high end ink jet printer that produces color photo quality images on photographic paper because a photo needs to be vivid and clear. For a resume, the best method of output would be a color injet printer because it can print on different types of high quality paper, in different colors, or in different fonts. Again, an inkjet printer would be the best method of output for a memorandum because it would be easy to print out in black and white for multiple recipients. A statistical report could be processed best on a graphical printer, such as an inkjet printer, because you need to be able to have a printout that would display charts or graphs. The best method of output for a company annual report would be a professional printer because you would need a heavy duty printer that can handle large volumes and produce high quality documents.. Each situation would benefit from its own unique output method. Storage Devices Where there is input and output, there is always a place to store the information either long term or temporarily. Computer systems need to store greater amounts of data, instructions, and information in a more permanent manner than the main memory of a computer will allow. Therefore, secondary storage is required. Every individual situation determines which storage device would be the most effective way to store information. For example, a hard disk is best used to store information for long term, frequent use because it gives direct access to the information, such as a teacher having access to their studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ grades stored on a hard disk. A floppy disk is a portable way that data was transferred and was best used for information that needed to go from one application to another or one computer to another, such as a report that needed to be taken home after being created at work. It is not widely used anymore and was replaced by the compact disk read-only memory, or CD-ROM. The CD-ROM is a disk that cannot be recorded on once it has data written onto it, and is most appropriate for companies to store computer games or programs for the consumer to use. Random Access Memory, or RAM, is a storage device that is for temporary use, which is best used for running instructions while the computer is powered on. A flash/jump drive is a portable drive that can be used to store information that needs to be transported to different computers, such as a student saving their report and working on it using multiple computers. Tape is also an appropriate method to store data onto an audio- and videocassettes, when the information needs to be stored but does not need to be accessed quickly. This method is inexpensive and ideal for information that needs to be stored in case of a disaster. Different types of storage are optimal for different types of situations. Speed The speed of computer components is very important because input and output need to be processed efficiently. Random Access Memory (RAM) is temporary storage that can be lost in a disruption such as a power surge; the disk storage is often called random access because the reading head can move rather quickly from one piece of data to another, and does not have to read all the data in between. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s speed is measured in megahertz and the greater the megahertz, the faster the RAM can read the data. The clock speed is a series of electronic pulses at a predetermined rate which affects the machine cycle time and the control unit executes an instruction in line with the electronic cycle, or pulses of the internal Ã¢â¬Å"clock. Ã¢â¬ Every instruction takes at least the same amount of time as the interval between pulses. The shorter the interval between pulses, the faster each instruction can be completed. Data on hard disks can be retrieved quickly because the disk spins. The faster the disk spins the fater it can transfer data and retrieve data. It is measured in megabites. Data on a CD-ROM can also be accessed quickly as the disk spins in the same way the hard disk spins and the faster it spins the faster the recoded data can be retireved from the CD-ROM. Data on a floppy disk is the slowest method which is why it is being phased out and replaced by faster methods like the CD-ROM. The different components of a computer all process and retrieve data at different speeds to efficiently complete input and output. Citations Stair, Ralph M. , Reynolds, George W. (2006). Fundamentals of Information Systems (3th ed. ). Boston: Thomson Course Technology. Wikipedia. (2007). Floppy Disk. Retrieved June 6, 2007, from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Floppy_disk Wikipedia. (2007). Random Access Memory. Retrieved June 6, 2007, from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/RAM Wikipedia. (2007). USB Flash Drive. Retrieved June 6, 2007, from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/USB_flash_drive
Saturday, March 14, 2020
History of Law essays Over the many years of mans existence, he has constantly evolved to better fit and survive in his surroundings. There are many aspects to his evolution that can be seen through his actions, his thoughts and his beliefs, to name a few. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines anthropology as the science of human beings. The focus on this paper will be the anthropological aspect dealing with the nature of human beings. The nature of human beings can be seen in many aspects of his being. One of these aspects is his laws and courts. The legal system directly reflects the way that man thinks, as the guilty are viewed as being wrong, while the innocent are viewed as being right. There are blatant representations of societys evolution in the law courts, and at the same time there are subtle indications as well. All this and more show how the legal system indicates the direction that man has traveled in his evolution. Every society has a set of rules and regulations, or laws that govern a society and control the behavior of its members . A society without laws dealing with crimes there is anarchy and war. The law courts avoid this state of society by resolving arising disputes in a civilized manner. Governments are kept in check by laws that limit the amount of power that any governing body has, and therefore instills freedom in the societys citizens. Laws can improve the quality of life of the people by increasing the effort put into the health, education and welfare of the people. Laws hold different levels of importance and therefore have different implications according to each society. A law that is found in China will have a different role than one that is found in Western nations1. In China the use of a law is the last resort, as all other means of resolution are employed before the courts. As society evolves, so does law. In earlier times, if someone was to commit murder, then the victims family would be per...
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Manufacturing Industry Evaluation - Essay Example As a result, the larger firms keep acquiring other small firms as they continue dominating in the markets, effectively reducing competition in this industry (Lynn, 2002). The Envelope industry is such other industry of the US that has low competition. The larger firms control most of the US markets for this industry. Oligopoly refers to a market condition, where the market has many buyers and very few sellers. In an oligopolistic market, just a few firms, mostly the larger ones, dominate the market (Elmer, 1999). Since there are few sellers in such a market, every firm operating in that market has the chances of knowing the moves and the trends that the other firms are making in order to achieve a competitive advantage in the market. Consequently, the firms operating in an oligopolistic market conditions are most likely going to make their decisions based on those decisions made by other firms. Thus, in an oligopolistic market, the decision made by one firm affects the other firms and vice versa (Case, Fair, and Oster, 2009). The characteristic oligopoly market involves the firms producing and selling their products at the quantities and prices they feel are suitable to grant them the profit margin they require. Thus, oligopolies set the market prices for their products, other than selling their products at the existing market prices (Elmer, 1999). In the US, the Envelopes and the Fluid Milk industries qualify as oligopolies. The Fluid milk industry in the US is an example of an oligopolistic market condition, where the market in the industry is dominated by few firms. The dairy cooperative of the country called the Dairy Farmers of America have effectively established close alliances with the other players in the industry, notably the Dairy Market services, which has on its side collaborated with the US major milk manufacturers (Lynn, 2002). This
Monday, February 10, 2020
Ford Motor Group - Henry Ford - Lab Report Example Major points discussed in the report will be summarised at the end of the paper. 2.0 Findings Ford Motor Company was founded in 1903 by Henry Ford and it specialised in manufacturing automobiles. The company rose to prominence when it invented the Ford T model which attracted a lot of customers after being launched in the market. This inspired the founder to use his entrepreneurial skills to devise strategies that could improve the production process of the vehicle so as to be in a better position to gain a competitive advantage over other players in this particular case. The report will analyse the strategies used by the founder in order to establish the extent to which they contributed to the success of the company. 2.1 Entrepreneurship Basically, the concept of entrepreneurship can be defined as the process of searching the business environment to identify business opportunities for improvement or start-up enterprises to mobilise resources as well as to implement actions to maximi se these opportunities (Bowler, 1996). To a larger extent, it can be said that entrepreneurship is learnt behaviour where it can be seen that profitable business opportunities are realised after carefully scanning the environment. It is important to determine the strong and weak points before starting up a business. Henry invented the Ford car and he did not end there. He went on further to devise strategies that were to improve the production of the vehicles. The success of Ford Motor Company can be attributed to the founderÃ¢â¬â¢s outstanding leadership skills as well as the capability to devise strategies that could improve productivity. Henry Ford displayed great entrepreneurship skills when he invented the Model T vehicle. For instance, in 1913, he turned his attention to improving the manufacturing process in order to help meet the growing demand for the Model T car (Ford Motor Corporation, 2013). He implemented the technique that allowed workers to stay in one place and per form the same task repeatedly and it soon became the standard of production in the automobile industry. According to its official website, the strategy of moving the assembly line proved tremendously efficient and it helped the company to surpass the production levels of its competitors by far while making its vehicles more affordable. 2.2 Marketing Marketing is defined as the process used by marketers to satisfy the needs of the people in a profitable manner (Lamb et al, 2008). Essentially, marketing is concerned with satisfying the needs of the customers with the aid of using various tools in meeting the marketing mixes. It is therefore the responsibility of an entrepreneur to adapt a marketing strategy that effectively utilises the marketing mix in order to appeal to the interests of a certain group of potential buyers in the market targeted. This can be done through the effective utilization of the marketing mix so as to be in a position to attract as many customers as possible. Ford Motor Company uses various marketing strategies in order to satisfy the needs of different customers. For instance, the product is designed to suit different needs of the customers. According to its official website, the company offers a wide range of hybrid cars and these are designed to appeal to the interests of as many people as possible. The company makes an effort to keep pace with the changing demands and tastes of the consumers with